Happy Women’s Day
8 March today, it is International Women's Day, also known as March 8, Women's Day, a day when women from all over the world fight for peace, equality and development. For over a century, women have made unremitting efforts to fight for their rights.
On 8 March 1909, women workers in Chicago, Illinois, and workers in the textile and garment industries across the country staged a massive strike and demonstration to demand higher wages, an eight-hour workday and the right to vote. This was the first organised mass struggle of working women in history and demonstrated the power of working women. The struggle was met with widespread sympathy and enthusiasm by the women of the country and the rest of the world, and was ultimately victorious.
In August 1910, the Second International Congress of Socialist Women was held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in the run-up to the First World War, when the world was overshadowed by war and the imperialists were trying to divide up the colonies. It was attended by delegates from 17 countries and the main issues discussed were the fight against imperialist expansion and the defence of world peace, as well as the protection of women's and children's rights, the fight for an eight-hour working day and women's right to vote.
The famous German socialist revolutionary and outstanding communist fighter Clara Tschatkin, who led the conference, proposed that 8 March each year should be celebrated as a day of struggle for women around the world, which was unanimously supported by the delegates. Since then, March 8th has been a day for women's struggle for rights and liberation around the world.
The first International Working Women's Day was celebrated on 8 March 1911. China began commemorating March 8th in 1922. The first mass commemoration of March 8 by Chinese women was held in Guangzhou in 1924.
In December 1949, the State Council of the Central People's Government declared 8 March as Women's Day. The United Nations began celebrating International Women's Day in 1975 as the International Women's Year, recognising the tradition of ordinary women's struggle for equal participation in society. The General Assembly in 1977 adopted a resolution inviting each country to choose a day of the year for the United Nations Day for Women's Rights and World Peace, in accordance with its own historical and national traditions and customs. For the United Nations, International Women's Day is set on 8 March.