6 Steps of Building A Fanless PC
Fanless PC is excellent for industrial applications, space-constrained solutions, power-efficient systems, and many more. Compared to the other two, building a PC with a fanless design allows the system to do much more in terms of versatility, durability, reliability, flexibility, and longevity. That said, in this news, BVS will provide you with an essential guide on how to build a fanless PC.
Step 1: Choose The Right CPU
Before building a fanless PC, first, you need to figure out what kind of CPUs fit the requirements of your specific application. Choosing the right CPU will help you design a better fanless system when implementing passive cooling.
Step 2: Replacing HDDs With SSDs
Another component to consider when building a fanless PC is a storage solution. Since traditional HDDs (hard disk drives) are built with multiple moving parts and potential failure points, it’s better to switch them with SSDs. SSDs are much more durable, compact, faster, and power-efficient compared to HDDs. Therefore, implementing SSDs will make your fanless PC more solid-state. Eliminating fans and HDDs reduces the computer’s failure points, translating to much better durability and reliability.
Step 3: Utilize Ultra-Conductive Heatsinks
The third step of building a fanless PC is utilizing ultra-conductive heatsinks for more efficient heat dissipation. The essence of fanless design is how to passively cool the internal heat by dissipating the heat from the CPU to the outer enclosure of the computer. Heatsinks are the bridges between the heat-generating processors and the chassis. Therefore, heatsinks need to be ultra-conductive.
Step 4: Fanless PC Case
Fanless PC’s case is the last stop for the heat that travels from the CPU and heatsink before it dissipates to the surrounding airflow. The case structure of a fanless PC is different compared to fan-cooled desktops. Fan-cooled computer cases are usually made of plastic and thin aluminum plates with a smooth surface. In comparison, fanless PCs take case designs to another level. Fanless PC cases are incredibly rugged, made out of extruded aluminum with heavy-duty metal.
Step 5: Put Everything Together
After you’ve chosen the right CPU, SSDs, heatsinks, and case for the fanless PC, the last step is to put everything together for a completely fanless computer. The main advantages of fanless systems are the ability to withstand shocks and vibrations. Fanless PCs are more than just durable, compact, and low power. Fanless PCs are also very quiet. Without fans, fanless PCs are airtight and much smaller compared to standard desktop computers. Even though not every application needs a fanless PC, having a fanless design on your PC architecture offers a myriad of benefits compared to fan-cooled computers.
Step 6: Environmental Testing And Validation
The sixth step of building a fanless PC is to ensure the system is truly robust, durable, and reliable. After designing and building a fanless PC, the overall system design needs to go through rigorous testing and validation processes to diagnose the success or failure amid industrial environments. These specialized tests push the computer to extremes, often to a point of destruction.
Therefore, BVS has built an in-house testing lab for comprehensive testing and validation processes to ensure the reliability of our fanless industrial computers in real-world deployments. This is a mandatory step to ensure BVS's fanless industrial PCs endure embedded durability, reliability, and longevity.